Before 2003, the majority of Americans covered by Medicare were in the traditional fee-for-service model that included hospital care (Part A) and outpatient medical care (Part B). In 2003, Medicare Part D was created for prescription drug coverage and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) renamed the managed Medicare option Medicare Advantage (MA).

Over the last few years, CMS has actively promoted the benefits of MA Plans to traditional Medicare (TrM) enrollees and age-ins (seniors turning 65). The aggressive marketing by both CMS and private health plans has significantly increased enrollment in MA Plans. In a Kaiser report

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD) products are becoming more popular in the United States as more states legalize marijuana and develop medical marijuana programs. THC is the psychoactive component of marijuana (produces the high). CBD is not psychoactive and can be found both in marijuana and hemp plants.

After the farm bill passed in 2018, CBD was legal if it was derived from hemp, which is defined in the legislation as the cannabis plant with less than 0.3 percent of THC. The bill also set up shared federal and state regulatory guidelines for hemp-related products. States could work to develop…


Former physician and healthcare executive who writes on senior health topics with focus on health, wellness, CBD and Medicare.

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